Rözer, Jesper, Gerald Mollenhorst and Beate Volker. (2018). Families division of labour and social networks in the 21th century: Revisiting Bott’s classic thesis. Journal of Family issues, 39(13):3436-3462.
summary: In 1957, Elizabeth Bott argued that the organization of family and social networks are intertwined and that the structure and composition of social networks are associated with the ways in which spouses divide household and paid labor. While this idea became a classic in the literature addressing the division of labor, societies have changed tremendously in the last 50 years, and it has become far more common for spouses to divide their labor more equally. In addition, the causal direction is not clear: do networks affect the division of labor or vice versa? We inquired as to the causal relationship using a large-scale longitudinal dataset, collected in 2009/2010 and 2011/2012 (n=2477; PAIRFAM). We found moderate support for the hypothesis that personal networks influence the division of labor in households, but there were stronger effects for the reverse, that is, that the division of labor affects network patterns, particularly for women.